Vaginal-infections

Tests before pregnancy Vaginal-infections

Normally the vaginal discharge is whitish or slightly transparent in color and feels slimy and sticky. In pregnancy it is normal that the amount and thickness of the secretions vary greatly. Most women have more discharge than normal during pregnancy. However, the secretions should remain white or transparent and should remain slimy and sticky.

It is possible that the discharge is so thin that you suspect that it is amniotic fluid. It can sometimes be difficult to make a clear distinction between discharge and amniotic fluid. You can try to figure out the difference by feeling the separation. It does not matter how thin the secretion is, it should always feel (more or less) sticky or slimy. Take some secretion on your fingers and thumb, hold them together and slowly release the thumb from the fingers. With separation you see it sticks a little. This is something that amniotic fluid certainly does not do. Normal discharge does not smell, but amniotic fluid does have a smell, which is described as sweet.

Besides the fact that you can have more discharge during your pregnancy, you are also more susceptible to vaginal infections. Because the amount of glycogen in your vagina changes during pregnancy, the bacteria, which normally live in your uterus, are less able to do their job, reducing the acidity of the vagina. The normal, non-harmful bacteria ensure that other, harmful, bacteria and fungi can not survive. Because of the reduced effect of these bacteria, your vagina is more susceptible to harmful bacteria and fungi.

Signs of an infection
A vaginal infection is not always accompanied by obvious complaints. With the following symptoms it is wise to contact the doctor, because you may have an infection.

  • red vagina
  • painful vagina
  • pain during sex
  • pain when urinating
  • burning vagina or labia
  • recurrent cystitis.
  • yogurt-like secretion
  • yellow green discharge with unsavory odor
  • gray separation
  • itchy vagina or labia

Possible infections are:

Fungal infection (Candida) - A fungal infection is the most common vaginal infection. Both the vagina and the labia can be irritated.

Chlamydia - Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). The infection is caused by a bacterium that settles in the mucous membranes. For example, in the cervix or the urethra, but with oral sex the mucous membranes of the mouth can also be infected. Complaints can be: gray discharge, pain or burning sensation when urinating, pain during sex or abdominal pain, intermittent blood loss.

Gonorrhea - Gonorrhea is an STD that occurs less frequently than Chlamydia. Gonorrhea causes inflammation of the mucous membranes, ie the cervix or the urethra. Gonorrhea is often symptomless. In case of repeated recurrent cystitis, it must be investigated whether Gonorrhea is the culprit.

Trichomoniasis infection - Trichomoniasis infection is an STD (sexually transmitted disease), which is not serious. It is easy to deal with. Women more often have symptoms of the infection than men. You can have an infection for a long time, without having obvious symptoms.

Preventing an infection
It is very important not to wash the vagina with soap. By using soap, the acidity in the vagina decreases. Once this happens, it is possible for the harmful bacteria to survive very easily. Wash from below with only lukewarm water. The use of panty liners causes you to become very hot from below, which creates an ideal climate for bacteria. Preferably use cotton underwear and sleep in loose clothing.

Always consult your doctor.

Also see these information articles: · Candida infection · Chickenpox · Chlamydia · Hepatitis B · HIV and AIDS · Rubella · Toxoplasmosis

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