Hip dysplasia is often diagnosed when your baby's hips are not well developed. The hip joint is a ball joint and in hip dysplasia the bowl is not deep enough and does not enclose the hip head properly. This allows the hip to easily come out of the socket. If the hip is partly out of the bowl, it is called subluxation.
Hip dysplasia is not painful and your baby probably will not suffer, but if it is not treated, there is a risk of premature wear and tear. It occurs in about 2% of all children.
A cause has not been found for hip dysplasia. It is more common with girls. It appears to be slightly hereditary.
It is beneficial if hip dysplasia is discovered early. The doctor plays an important role in this. He or she looks at the bones and if there is a suspicion of hip dysplasia, your child will be referred to an orthopaedist. An echo and / or an X-ray must first be made to make it clear. However, this can only happen after the third month, because only then is the photo reliable.
A preferred posture by baby can also be a sign that there is hip dysplasia. Talk to your pediatrician if you have any doubts.
Hip dysplasia can heal spontaneously in children under three months of age without treatment. If this is not the case, your child may get a pair of specialist pants. If there is a hip exacerbation, hospitalization or even surgery may be necessary.
Stick to the treatment that the orthopeed has prescribed. It may be that other babies get different pants and other instructions, but concentrate on your own.
The treatment takes a few months and is often done before your baby can walk. Timely treatment gives a good result in most cases.