In cases of bladder infection, the mucous membrane of the bladder is inflamed. During pregnancy you have a greater chance of getting a bladder infection. The ever-growing uterus pushes the bladder aside. Because of the pressure on your bladder, you will have to urinate more often. The urine of a pregnant woman contains more nutrients than normal, this may also be a source of inflammation. It is therefore very important not to do a pee quickly, but take the time and try to pee out the last drops.
You often feel the urge to urinate. This pressure can be (very) painful.
You pee much less each time, sometimes you only pee a few drops.
Peeing itself hurts and / or gives a (very) burning sensation.
Blood may be present in the urine.
The urine can look cloudy.
You can have pain in the lower abdomen and / or back.
You can have an increased temperature
The GP or the nurse will ask you to hand in a jar of urine to the practice. The GP examines the urine and can immediately determine whether it is indeed a bladder infection. Sometimes you may wait in the surgery for the results, sometimes you will be called as soon as possible with the result. If you often have a bladder infection, or if you are pregnant, sometimes a culture is also made in the laboratory. The culture shows which bacterium causes the inflammation and which medication will help. The result of the culture takes a week.
A bladder infection can pass by itself, but not always. Usually you get an antibiotic cure to fight the bacteria. Then the inflammation will heal quickly. There is also less chance that the inflammation spreads to the renal pelvis. Always finish the treatment, even if you have no symptoms. Otherwise, bacteria can remain in the bladder and cause an inflammation again.
What else can you do
As mentioned earlier, it is important to pee correctl. If you think you have finished peeing, you have to sit down for a while longer. Wobble back and forth, from front to back and from left to right. You will see that you lose some drops of urine. Do not try to stop peeing, just go to the toilet as soon as you feel the pressure. Drink extra, preferably cranberry juice. This juice contains a substance that prevents the sticking of bacteria to the bladder wall. Apple juice is a good alternative. Do not wait too long to 'drink away' a (possible) bladder infection. When you are pregnant you should get bladder infections seen to as quickly as possible.
From angelababy In Q&A