Cycle

Cycle

Information about your cycle

  • The length of the cycle differs not only from woman to woman but also from cycle to cycle. A variation of 8 days between different periods is still considered a regular cycle.
  • The medical term for periods shorter than 21 days is polymenorrhea or polymenorrhea
  • The medical term for periods that last longer than 35 days is oligomenorrhea or oligomenorrhea. Long periods are often associated with ovulation problems:
    • - there is no ovulation (anovulation),
    • - ovulation is very irregular,
    • - ovulation is not good (egg quality is insufficient).
  • The medical term for periods that last longer than 180 days is amenorrhea or amenorrhea. Women with extremely little body fat, for example athletes, can stop menstruating. Amenorrhea also occurs during pregnancy.
  • Stress factors can lead to irregular cycles. Running night shifts can already provide enough stress. Try to avoid stress and irregularities.
  • There are several reasons why your cycle can vary. For example: illness, stress, sports, traveling and losing weight or vomiting. Breastfeeding mothers or women who have recently stopped taking the pill usually also see variations in their cycle.


Follicular phase

  • The egg cell ripens in the follicular phase. It is the growth phase.
  • The length of the follicular phase (also `proliferative phase`) - and as a consequence the length of the whole cycle - can vary greatly.
  • Age-dependent: 14.2 days in women aged 18-24 years, 10.4 days in women aged 40-44 years.
  • Diet: By following a low-fat diet this period can be extended up to two days
  • If you have taken contraceptives for a long time or if you have used these in the last 90 days, this period may take longer.
  • In women who have had multiple miscarriages in the past, this phase may be shorter. (-2 days)
  • If you ovulate very late in your cycle (more than 21 days after the beginning of the period) and it is difficult to get or stay pregnant, you are most likely to benefit from a treatment that attempts to give you a more successful cycle .

(Pre-) Ovulation

  • Pain just before ovulation, extra and different cervical mucus, and changing the position and physical character of the cervix are reliable characteristics of pre-ovulation.
  • Pre-ovulation pain, can suddenly occur and last for a few hours. Some women can even feel which of the two ovaries has given an egg.
  • During and a few days after ovulation, the cervix can feel softer and more humid. The position will be higher than before and after ovulation.
  • During and a few days before ovulation, the volume of cervical mucus (mucus in the vagina) increases. It also becomes clearer, and you can stretch the moisture further than before and after ovulation if you hold it between your fingers.
  • The labia may swell slightly, just before ovulation. 
  • Some women lose a little bit of blood during ovulation. This is normal. This bleeding is more common in women with a longer cycle.


Luteal phase

  • The average luteal phase is 14 days. (varying from 10-16 days)
  • It is also called DPO. (Days after ovulation, Days Past Ovulation)
  • A short luteal phase lasts less than 11 days and can be associated with `Luteal phase insufficiency`. (LI) If your egg is fertilized and you have luteal phase insufficiency, you may have an early miscarriage. LI can be easily corrected, depending on the cause, for example with vitamin B6, progesterone cream and / or Clomid. (Increases the progesterone level by improving follicular development).
  • The length of the luteal phase can be measured with hormone specific blood tests or by maintaining your basal body temperature.

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