Information A-Z : Pregnancy

You will find information in this information section of Pregnology about the most common issues you will face before, during and after your pregnancy. If you can not find what you are looking for directly, you can look it up with the search bar below. If you are looking for a personal answer you can ask for it Questions and Answers.

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  • 1st trimester (Bloodloss)

    (135342 x) Many women suffer from some slight bleeding in early pregnancy. Normally, women who have had slight bleeding in the first trimester have no problems during the further pregnancy. A little blood loss can be normal, but it is sometimes a cause for concern. Every loss of blood must be reported to the doctor / midwife. Describe the color, quantity and composition of the blood and all other symptoms th...... Read more »
  • Pregnancy symptoms

    (85131 x) It is important during pregnancy to know the difference between normal symptoms and those which should be reported to your midwife or doctor. Below is a list of the most common symptoms experienced by pregnant women. Areola around the nipples get darker - This can be one of the first signs, often appearing a week after conception, and is a result of the HCG hormone. Basal body temperature rema...... Read more »
  • Mucus plug

    (64649 x) During pregnancy, a mucous membrane forms in your uterus. The mucous membrane prevents infections of your uterus. The mucous membrane will remain in place until you give birth. When labour starts, the cervix is ​​stretched and softer. This can cause the mucous plug to loosen. Many women find it in their underwear or in the toilet. The mucous plug is a thread-like and sticky partition. It may ...... Read more »
  • Stillbirth (Loss)

    (57545 x) If you lose your child after the 16th week, or your child dies during childbirth, this is officially classed as a "stillbirth". It's a tragic and often traumatic experience for parents. A mix of emotions are involved; anger, guilt, sadness, shock, mourning. In recent years, the number of stillborn babies born in the West has decreased sharply. Yet around one percent of fetuses die du...... Read more »
  • Development of the foetus

    (57307 x) An interactive video of the development of your baby. Slide the sliders to see the growth! The first picture shows the growth from 0 to 8 weeks, the second the growth from 8 to 40 weeks. You may also like this animated gif: ...... Read more »
  • 2nd trimester (Bloodloss)

    (54835 x) Occassionaly you may have some blood loss during your second trimester. Common causes include cervical growth or inflammation. Bleeding can pose a threat to both the mother and the unborn child. The most common cause of severe vaginal blood loss during later periods of pregnancy is a problem with the placenta. Contact your healthcare provider for any type of blood loss. Your healthcare provider wi...... Read more »
  • Sleep (Sleep during pregnancy)

    (50901 x) During your pregnancy, you may have more difficulty sleeping than usual. A larger abdomen, heartburn, anxiety, back pain and shortness of breath lead to less sleep. You can get frustrated about the lack of good sleep. Yet sleep is very necessary during pregnancy. If necessary take a nap at ten o'clock in the morning, sleep when you can. Why am I so tired? Besides it being harder to sl...... Read more »
  • Skin changes

    (49717 x) The increase in hormones during pregnancy as well as other factors can result in changes to your skin which can include:  "Pregnancy glow" You may get a radiant glow over your face. Your face seems to blush because you have more blood during pregnancy. There is therefore more blood in the vessels below your cheeks. In addition to blushing, oil production make the skin extra shin...... Read more »
  • Pregnancy after 35

    (45690 x) Women are increasingly choosing to become pregnany at a later age. This has several reasons; work and career, still busy with study or promotion, no suitable partner, financial worries. The average age at which women have their first child increased for decades, until 2004, since then it has remained about the same. The average age in the US is now 26 and 28 in the UK. Some things to keep in ...... Read more »
  • Fluid retention (edema)

    (40253 x) It's normal for your body to retain excess water during pregnancy. This can be on average 2 to 3 liters. In the last month, especially, this is very noticeable; symptoms include swollen hands, feet and face. Even in warm weather, you will retain water and may find swelling in your ankles. Water retention has nothing to do with the temperature. It's important to drink a lot - your b...... Read more »
  • Sex (Safety during pregnancy)

    (38555 x) Sex during pregnancy Many people worry that having sex during pregnancy will somehow harm or disturb the baby. Although perhaps the mechanics, especially as you get further on in your pregnancy, may prove challenging, there is no reason couples cannot continue to have a normal sex life during pregnancy. Your baby is protected by amnoitic fluid, the uterus and a muscle layer. The mucus plug pro...... Read more »
  • Hypotension (Blood pressure)

    (37069 x) Your blood pressure depends on age, weight and health. Average blood pressure is 120/80 (120 over 80). The first number is systolic pressure. This indicates how high the arterial pressure is and when the blood is pumped into the arteries every heart beat. The second number ist diastolic pressure. The diastolic pressure indicates the amount of pressure when the heart is at rest (ie between 2 heartb...... Read more »
  • Pelvic instability

    (36884 x) Experiencing pain in your pelvic region is another symptom of pregnancy and quite normal. Research shows that 50 to 60% of women suffer from pelvic pain or low back pain. Early in pregnancy, hormones make the pelvis more flexible. In addition, the muscles relax and soften the pelvic cartilage. This does happen for a reason: through a smoother pelvis, delivery will be easier. The baby then has m...... Read more »
  • During a twin pregnancy (Twins)

    (34661 x) Approximately 3 out of every 100 pregnancies is a twin or multiple pregnancy. Normally during your first ultrasound scan it will be determined whether you are having more than one baby although it may take the entire nine months for you to get over the shock. Symptoms  Not always but in many cases a woman who is having twins or multiple babies will find their tummy gets bigger quicker and...... Read more »
  • Baby movements

    (33289 x) Although you wont feel anything at around six weeks your baby will move along the fallopian tubes into the womb.  There is no real fixed time as to when you'll first feel your baby moving; some women feel it around the 15 week mark, for others it's after 20. When you first feel baby moving, it's usually a very short event. It may feel like butterflies, or a strange tumbling ...... Read more »
  • Thyroid abnormalities and pregnancy

    (32343 x)   The thyroid is a small organ that lies in front of the trachea. Normally the thyroid gland is not visible or felt. The thyroid gland creates thyroid hormones. These hormones are important for metabolism (the conversion of food into energy) and thus for growth and mental development. Thyroid diseases Thyroid diseases are more common in women than in men. The cause is usually an inf...... Read more »
  • Navels

    (31182 x) Navels during pregnancy As soon as your stomach expands, your navel, the scar of your own umbilical cord, is stretched. Even if you have a deep navel (an "innie") when you are not pregnant, you will see that your navel first flattens and then even protrudes outwards. Some think this is not a problem, others find it irritating to have an extra bump on top of the already big belly. A ...... Read more »
  • Nausea

    (28964 x) Nausea is very common and is a normal phenomenon during pregnancy. Almost a third of pregnant women suffer from nausea and vomiting especially in the morning although it can happen at any time of the day. Nausea often starts around the first month of pregnancy and continues until the 14th or 16th week. Some women are nauseous and vomit during the entire pregnancy. Nausea does not cause pro...... Read more »
  • Headaches

    (25183 x) Headachs are one of the most common symptoms women experience during pregnancy, particularly during the first trimester. Common causes are: - change in hormones; - tiredness, lack of sleep; - changes in blood circulation; - low blood sugar levels; - dehydration; - stress due to unknown changes - caffeine withdrawal   Tension headache Stress headaches are the most c...... Read more »
  • Hemorrhoids

    (24525 x) Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum (rectum) and around the anus. They are closely related to varicose veins, which you see on your legs. If these veins are irritated, the surrounding tissue also swells, burns, infects and bleeds. Hemorrhoids are caused by excessive pressure in the rectum, forcing blood into the veins. Sometimes they burst. Hemorrhoids occur within the anus (internal hemor...... Read more »
  • Stomach pain

    (23517 x) Cause of belly pain At around week 20 of pregnancy, the uterus will grow very quickly. Because of this rapid growth, there is a lot of tension on the muscles. These muscles keep the uterus in place. In particular, the muscles that run along the side of the uterus can cause pain. The pain feels like a sharp stinging. Especially when you are tired, you can get a lot of pain here. The pain can be an...... Read more »
  • Feet: pain during pregnancy

    (20957 x) Pregnant women often walk for too long with sore feet, ankles and knees. They accept this as one of the many ailments that happen to them during pregnancy. Almost everyone has abnormalities of the feet but can go well for years without being bothered by it. But your body changes during pregnancy. You conceive, and under the influence of hormones the ligaments and muscles in your feet weake...... Read more »
  • Stretch marks (Pregnancy striations)

    (19239 x)   What are striae?  Striae or stretch marks are linear scars that occur when the subcutaneous connective tissue is pulled apart by rapid growth of the stomach. They can also appear on the breasts and the top of your thighs. With a fast-growing belly, the elastic and collagen fibers of the deeper layers of the skin can tear. Especially in the third trimester of pregnancy, the risk of ge...... Read more »
  • Group B Streptococcus (Tests during pregnancy)

    (18807 x) Testing for GBS isn't advisable during pregnancy, as up to 1 in 5 women are carriers. In certain cases it may be advisable to swab for GBS; for example if a woman is admitted to hospital with premature birth markers; a nurse will take a swab from the vagina and anus, and send this off for testing. Results usually come back in 2-3 days   Group-B-streptococcus (GBS) Streptoco...... Read more »
  • Cystitis

    (17801 x) In cases of bladder infection, the mucous membrane of the bladder is inflamed. During pregnancy you have a greater chance of getting a bladder infection. The ever-growing uterus pushes the bladder aside. Because of the pressure on your bladder, you will have to urinate more often. The urine of a pregnant woman contains more nutrients than normal, this may also be a source of inflammation. It is th...... Read more »
  • Sunbathing during pregnancy

    (17360 x) There are many misunderstandings about sunbathing during pregnancy. UV rays, which sunlight partly consists of, penetrate the epidermis a little. They do their work in the epidermis, depending on the intensity of the radiation (tanning, skin thickening, stimulating circulation, etc.). The penetration depth of UV radiation is so low (max. 0.5 cm) that the fetus is at no risk to come into contact wi...... Read more »
  • Depression before pregnancy

    (16884 x) Many pregnant women find it more difficult to control their emotions during pregnancy and this is mostly blamed on hormones. While it isn't pleasant for anyone in the family, in many cases, this is not simply a matter of being in a bad mood. Prenatal or prepartal depression Women who have pranatal depression suffer from depression before the pregnancy. Depression during pregnancy can be ha...... Read more »
  • Food (Foods not to eat during pregnancy)

    (16263 x) Food and drink It is important for everyone to eat healthily, but it is essential during pregnancy. Your baby needs certain amounts of nutrients, minerals and vitamins to develop properly. It is important that you know which ones are. Be careful with food (shelf life and hygiene) and know what you shouldn't have. What you shouldn't have: Sushi; raw or uncooked meat; soft chee...... Read more »
  • 3rd trimester (Bloodloss)

    (16011 x) Bleeding at the end of pregnancy can pose a threat to the life of both the mother and the child. Any amount of blood loss in late pregnancy should be reported to the doctor immediately. Causes of bleeding in the third trimester may be: - Placenta previa (wrong placenta location); - Placenta abortion (early placenta discharge); - rupture of a scar in the uterus - vaginal trauma; - Cervica...... Read more »
  • Missed miscarriage (Loss)

    (15989 x) Missed miscarriage is also called silent abortion or silent miscarriage. Silent miscarriage can only be determined by ultrasound, because bleeding or abdominal cramps, which may indicate a possible miscarriage, are not present. Before a diagnosis is performed by ultrasound, multiple tests take place. In case of missed abortion, fetal heart activities and child movements are not found. The embry...... Read more »
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