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Endometriosis

Getting Pregnant > Fertility > Endometriosis

Endometrial cells form the thick tissue or lining of the uterus. When cells similar to these grow  out with the confines of the uterus, on organs within in the pelvic area, usually on or under the ovaries, on the bowels or bladder or behind the uterus, this is known as Endometriosis. Unfortunately, this is one of the top three causes of female infertility and of the woman who suffer from endometriosis, 30 to 40% are infertile.

Although there is no clear indication of what causes this, research proposes a number of things which may contribute to the development of endometriosis such as inherited genetic errors, problems with the immune system and a process known as retrograde menstruation. This involves the backing up of menstrual flow into the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity, depositing endometrial tissue in unusual locations.

The symptoms of endometriosis vary and some women are unaware that they have it until confirmed by test results. However, the most common symptom many women experience is pain in the lower back, pelvic areas and abdomen with extreme menstrual cramps. Some other symptoms may include intestinal pain, heavy menstrual bleeding and/or spotting between cycles, pain during or after sex, chronic fatigue, diarrhea and or constipation and blood in the urine, however, the number and severity of symptoms do not always reflect the severity of the condition.

There is as yet no absolute cure for endometriosis but there are a variety of treatments to help alleviate the symptoms. Some women find relief using over the counter pain relief treatments such as naproxen or ibuprofen although in sever cases your doctor may prescribe a stronger pain killer. In extreme cases, hormone treatments such as the birth control pill,  progestins  and danazol may be prescribed but these are not suitable for women who are trying to get pregnant. Surgery is also an option for women with fertility problems and/or severe symptoms.

After diagnosis and consultation with your doctor, a surgical procedure such as as laparoscopy, which involves the removal or burning away of the growths without affecting the surrounding tissue or a laparotomy which involves opening the abdomen to remove growths in the abdomen or pelvis and is major surgery. As with all medical problems it is advisable to talk things over with your doctor and find which treatment is best for you. 



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One comment on this topic


kthomas0621 (1341.3 days ago)
Just wanted to share my story and give anyone with endometriosis a little hope…I tried for four years to get pregnant on my own with no success. I then had a failed IUI and an IVF cycle that ended in miscarriage. Two months later, I am pregnant with no treatment. Miracles happen everyday. Never give up!







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